Starpoint High School*
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Feb 11, 2024
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How a Bill Becomes a Law Ideas of citizens, passed by House of Reps, then passed by Senate, then approved by President. ZLloor Debate-The House Typically discussed by the Committee of the Whole. They can debate, amend, and generally decide the final shape of the bill but cannot pass it. Sponsoring committee guides the discussion and normally it is this version that is passed. Floor Debate —The Senate Much more casual. Other than filibusters, votes are simple. Closed rule An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on a debate; forbids a bill from being amended on the floor. Open rule An order from the House Rules Committee permits a bill to be amended on the floor. Restrictive rule An order from the House Rules Committee permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made into a bill on the floor. Quorum call The minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress. Riders and Christmas Trees Amendments on matters unrelated to a bill that are important so the bill can "ride" to passage through Congress. Christmas Tree bills have a lot of riders. Reapportionment/ redistricting Done every 10 years, based on population, and determines how many representatives in the House, effectively determining how many electoral votes as well. Gerrymandering Method of manipulating districts within a state to favor a specific party by giving them the majority opinion in elections. "one man one vote" Requires electoral districts to be apportioned according to population, thus making each district roughly equal in population Court cases
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