Abnormal Psychology

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The Nature of Psychopathology and Abnormal Psychology
The Diagnosis of Mental Disorders


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  • To find more information, causes, symptoms and treatments visit www.minddisorders.com.
  • Also when talking to a physician seek someone other than the primary physician for a second opinion due to biases and the likelihood of being misdiagnosed.


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Getzfeld, Andrew R. Essentials of Abnormal Psychology. Essentials of Personality Disorders. copyright 2006. 208-238.

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Facing the Facts. (2010). What are the symptoms of borderline personality disorder. Retrieved from:http://www.bpdfamily.com/tools/articles2.htm.

Hamilton, E. (1969). Mythology: Timeless tales of gods and heroes. New York: Warner Books.

Kershaw, I. (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Kreger, R. (2008). The essential family guide to borderline personality disorder: New tools and techniques to stop walking on eggshells. Center City, Minnesota: Hazeldon Publishing.

Landau, E. (2010). What is darth vader's diagnosis. The Chart. Retrieved from http://pagingdrgupta.blogs.cnn.com/2010/06/07/what-is-darth-vaders-diagnosis/

Livesley, J.W. (2003). Diagnositc dilemmas in classifying personality disorder. In K.A. Phillips, M.B. First, & H.A. Pincus (Eds.) Advancing dsm: Dilemmas in psychiatric diagnosis (pp.153-189). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Maser, J.D., Kaelber, C., & Weise, R.D. (1991). International use and attitudes toward DSM-III and DSM-III-R: Growing consensus in psychiatric classification. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 271-279.

McCrae, R.R. (1994). A reformulaton of axis II: Personality and personality-related problems. Personality Disorders and the Five-Factor Model of Personality. Washington, D.C.: The American Psychological Association.

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Moore, D.P. & Jefferson, J.W. (2004). Passive-aggressive personality disorder. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier.

Raine, A., Lencz, T., Bihrle, S., LaCasse, L., & Colletti, P. (2000). Reduced prefrontal gray matter volume and reduced autonomic activity in antisocial personality disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 119-127.

Rowling, J.K. (1997-2007). Harry Potter (Vols. 1-7). New York, NY: Scholastic Inc.

Shiner, R.L. (1998). How shall we speak of children's personalities in middle childhood: A preliminary taxonomy. Psychological bulletin, 124, 308-332.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2009). Substance abuse treatment for persons with co-occurring disorders. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Turner, S.M., Beidel, D.C., Dancu, C.V., & Keys, D.J. (1986). Psychopathology of social phobia and comparison to avoidant personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95(4), 389-394.

Verheul, R., & Widiger, T.A. (2004). A meta-analysis of the prevalence and usage of the personality disorder not otherwise specified (pdnos) diagnosis. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18(4), 309-319.

Widiger, T.A., & Trull, T.J. (2007). Plate tectonics in the classification of personality disorder: Shifting to a dimensional model. American Psychologist, 62(2), 71-83.

Yamagata, S., Suzuki, A., Ando, I., One, Y., Kijima, N., ... Yoshimura, K. (2006). Is the genetic structure of human personality universal: A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 987-998.

Zanarini, M.C., Frankenburg, F.R., Vujanovic, A.A., Hennen, J., Reich, D.B., & Silk, K.R. (2004). Axis II comorbidity of borderline personality disorder: Description of 6-year course and prediction to time-to-remission. Acta Psychiatica Scandinavica, 110(6), 416-420.

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